Energy Consumption Comparison of Split Air Conditioner Using R-22 AND R-290 Refrigerant
Growth of Indonesian Industrial sector in 2018 as much as 5.3 % will trigger an increase in refrigeration needs. In terms of regulation of refrigerant with Chlorofluorocarbon base (CFC) phase out is targeted in 1995 for developed countries and 2015 for developing countries. Hydro Fluorocarbon-based refrigerant (HCF) phase out is targeted in 2020 for developed countries and 2030 for developing countries, so it important to find refrigerant that is environmentally friendly as well as energy efficient. Based on the problem as an alternative refrigerant that is environmentally friendly, currently available technology based hydrocarbon refrigerant (propane) R-290 is considered environmentally friendly. From the conversion process from R-22 to R-290 Air conditioning various capacities 1 PK (± 9.000 BTU / h), 1.5 PK (± 12,000 BTU / h), 2 PK (± 18,000 BTU / h); 3PK (± 24,000 BTU / h) in PT.Phapros. Tbk at comfortable working conditions, obtained energy savings of 10765, 44KWh / year. Refrigerant R290 is flammable special handling is required especially in terms of safety and spare part compatibility when converting.
Keywords: Hydrocarbon Refrigerant, Energy Efficiency, R290
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